COAI writes to DoT, demands tough norms for captive private networks


The (COAI) has demanded imposition of tough conditions for allowing enterprises to set up “captive non-public networks”.

The move comes just a few days after the Cabinet, despite opposition from telcos, permitted enterprises to set up private networks, with the department of telecom (DoT) assigning them spectrum directly.

In a letter to DoT secretary K Rajaraman on June 18, the demanded non-assignment of spectrum in the non-International Mobile Telecommunications (IMT) (5G) bands reserved for telcos.

It also made a demand for restricting the scope of such private networks for only machine-to-machine (M2M) communications and plant automation within the premises of a plant.

also wants to ensure that they have no connection to public switched telephone networks (PSTN), internet cloud platforms, another private network or multiple offices and buildings.

has also said that the spectrum assigned to end users should not result in creation of third parties or intermediaries operating on behalf of the enterprise.

The reason they said is that creation of third parties or intermediaries installing and operating the network for private networks would “result in backdoor entry for third parties to act as telecom service providers (TSPs) without obtaining the spectrum through the same process (auctions) as TSPs.”

Therefore, like the unified licensees, private network owners “must own all equipment installed for the purpose of private networks and not obtain them on lease/rental from the third party players”. If they want to do so they must obtain the spectrum through the same process as TSPs.

The move — if implemented — could keep out any other competitors like global tech companies Google, Amazon or IT companies to provide the services.

It would restrict the collaboration for enterprises only to a few telcos.

In the letter, the telcos have also said that use cases meant for the masses cannot be part of a captive network.

They have argued that there has been demand from many stakeholders that captive networks could create use cases for financial inclusion and agriculture sector connectivity.

But telcos have demanded that since financial inclusion by design intends to include 100 per cent of the population, and agriculture sector would need interconnection of 70 per cent of the population, such use cases cannot be undertaken by captive networks.

Also, demand from some stakeholders for allocating spectrum to set up private networks for vehicle-to-vehicle connectivity, controlling drones and M2M connectivity from devices cannot be allowed, it said.

Justifying its stand that no IMT band spectrum should be assigned to captive networks, COAI has said there is already a shortage of harmonised spectrum for TSP networks.

At present, only the 3.3 Ghz mid-band and the 2.85 Ghz have been put for auction in 5G.

However, if other bands that are likely to be identified for IMT are not reserved, it would constrain TSPs.

They would then not be able to properly plan their networks to meet customer demand.

It said that the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) has ignored the issue while recommending 3.7-3.8 GHz and 28.5-29.5 GHz for private captive networks.

The COAI letter also asked private networks to ensure no interference to other networks. Also, it said that they should ensure compliance to electro-magnetic field (EMF) norms, subscriber verification rules and follow all security norms, among others.

It added that they should also come under lawful interception requirements and follow roll out obligations like telcos.


  • Research by Compass Lexicon in Germany shows that cost of setting aside spectrum for captive networks is significant while benefits are only marginal
  • Public network operators in Germany paid euro 2.2 billion extra in 5G auction because of spectrum assigned to private networks
  • IMT 5G bands — existing or the ones planned — should not be assigned to them
  • Only machine-to-machine and plant automation should be allowed on captive networks
  • No connection to other networks, buildings or another captive network
  • Third party players cannot install and run private networks as it would be a back door entry to act as TSPs without buying spectrum through auction.
  • Mass use cases should not be allowed

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