The iconic Hubble Telescope and James Webb Space Telescope will be roundly beaten by the new Giant Magellan Telescope. It is expected to be 4 times more powerful than the James Webb Telescope.
Hubble Telescope has been in Earth orbit for years and James Webb Space Telescope has taken position in Sun’s orbit just recently. Both these telescopes have astonished the world with their capabilities. In fact, the new James Webb Telescope has, within a month, captured the oldest ever galaxy, broke its own record a week later when it found an even older galaxy and has even captured the stunning Andromeda Galaxy in extreme detail. But now, both these telescopes are facing competition from an under-construction telescope. This new telescope could make the James Webb Telescope look like binoculars and so you can imagine how badly the Hubble Telescope will fare against it.
This hugely powerful telescope is the Giant Magellan Telescope. And it will not even have to be flown into space! It will be a ground-based telescope in Las Campanas Peak at the southern edge of Chile’s Atacama Desert. It is expected to become fully functional by the end of the year 2030.
According to giantmagellan.org, the Giant Magellan Telescope is the most powerful telescope on Earth. It is designed to discover the unknown. With unmatched image quality, seven of the world’s largest mirrors will launch the view into the Universe to find Earth-like planets and search for signs of life and take a peek back in cosmic time to explore the formation of the first stars, galaxies, and black holes.
However, the Giant Magellan telescope is not supposed to be a competitor of the Hubble Telescope or the James Webb Space Telescope. Instead, with its high contrast cameras, excellent spectrographs and unprecedented angular resolution, it is expected to work in conjunction with the JWST to make discoveries of the unknown. The Giant Magellan telescope can fit up to 10 scientific instruments, making it the only telescope in the world to do so.
The Giant Magellan Telescope is the work of a group called GMTO Corporation which is an international consortium of leading universities and research institutions from the United States, South Korea, Israel, Brazil, and Australia.